Great paintings with perspective and realism devices were painted into plaster centuries before Europe's great artists. Intricate relief sculptures were cut from the rock in the Viharas that housed the monks. Enormous Chaityas were cut into the mountainside, with crossbeams, columns, and a layout that would later be seen in Christian cathedrals.
The stunning caves were rediscovered in 1819 by John Smith. The advanced stonework and colorful artistry are still very well preserved today.
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